Surface irrigation method
It includes water being pumped from a certain source of river into the area to be irrigated. The three common surface methods used in Africa are flood irrigation where water will enter the land uncontrollably and does not need any minimum amount of land to be invented. The border irrigation includes water entering the irrigation place as one controlled sheet of water that leads to less amounts of water being lost. Furrow irrigation includes water being directed to shallow channels that can be constructed using the ordinary farm machinery.
Water is eventually directed to the various subsoil in the places that are supposed to be irrigated. Ground water table is controlled by the amount of water being pumped into the place. It is reported to be the least commonly used method of irrigation found in many countries. Water seeps slowly into the subsoil to give maximum time for it to moisten the roots of crops.
Water is applied to the areas for irrigation informs that mimics the action of rain. This is achieved through distributing the available water through pipelines under the pressure to the various types sprinkler that spray the water from above and into the crops and land. The devices can be fixed, portable and can also be mobile depending on the preference of the farmer.
Drip irrigation method
Water is applied to each plant through one or more emitters. Areas with high temperatures are more suitable for this type of irrigation and that having limited resources of water. Accurate application of water without loss is ensured by the system and hence care needs to be done to ensure that the correct procedures is often adapted.
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