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Feedlot Animal Selection Criteria

Visual Assessment Fat
Visual assessment of the animal is the practical method for which accuracy can be developed
with experience. Two main factors are associated with animal’s conformation (muscling) and fat
covering of the body.

Visual Assessment Muscle
Muscle scoring is the assessment of thickness and shape of the muscles in relation to
frame size of the animal. It evaluates the degree of muscularity without the influence of
fatness. The degree of muscling influences dressing percentage and meat yield,
therefore indicating the greater value. Observing animal from hind side to assess.

  1. The thickness of both legs at stifle area.
  2. Animal’s stance; how apart the hind legs are.
  3. Observe the curvature of the muscle of thigh from side.

As animal walks muscle seam are only visible in muscular and leaner animal after finishing.
Heavy muscled animals with have highest dressing percentage and most red meat.

Other important body appearance for the growth potential

  1. Broad and wide forehead (indicates stunting).
  2. Rough hair coats indicate lack of nutrition.
  3. Shorter neck bulls mature compared to longer neck.
  4. Wider shoulders with good heart girth depth.
  5. Bulls with medium body length are better in meat yield only if heavily muscle.
  6. Moderately trim in its underline and brisket.
  7. Legs squarely set, naturally straight.


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Written by Kenya Farmers

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